CONNECTICUT FACTS, EMBLEMS, HISTORICAL FIRSTS
Connecticut has it all, soft, rolling hills, small mountains, beautiful countryside and urban settings replete with the latest and greatest in technology and innovation, some of which has come from within its own borders. Here, there are small businesses and huge ones, GE, Pitney Bowes and a big variety of others.
In its southwest corner are Greenwich, Stamford, Darien, New Canaan, Norwalk, Stratford and Bridgeport, all bedroom communities to New York City or New haven, Connecticut.
In its southeast corner, it has Mystic Country with a living history museum, seaport and aquarium; to the north are Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun casinos, spas and resorts.
To the south is Long island Sound where you can fish, boat, water ski and swim.
To the north are farms, campsites, lakes, ponds and rivers full of trout.
And throughout there is history—history older than this nation’s. And it’s all beautifully packaged for not only the perfect New England getaway, but a fabulous Connecticut getaway.
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Name of State: Connecticut
Statehood: January 9, 1788 (5th state)
Nickname/Official Designation: "The Constitution State" was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1959
Name Origin/Indian: Quinnehtukqut -- Mohegan for "Long River Place" or "Beside the Long Tidal River"
Capitol: Hartford, the sole Capital City since 1875
State Motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet -- "He Who Transplanted Still Sustains"
Population: The population of Connecticut was 3,405,565 according to the 2000 U.S. Official Census. The most recent population estimate from the Connecticut Department of Public Health is 3,409,549 as of July 1, 2000.
Cities with largest population (2000):
1. Bridgeport 139,529
2. New Haven 123,626
3. Hartford 121,578
4. Stamford 117,083
5. Waterbury 107,271
Area: 5,018 square miles
Famous For: Inventors (Charles Goodyear, Elias Howe, Eli Whitney, Eli Terry), Inventions, Watch making, Typewriters, Insurance, Submarines
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The State Seal was provided for in the Constitution, 1818.
The State Flag was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1897.
The State Flower, the Mountain Laurel, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1907.
The State Bird, the Robin, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1943.
The State Tree, the White Oak, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1947.
The State Animal, the Sperm Whale, Physeter Catodon, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1975.
The State Insect, the Praying Mantis, Mantis Religiosa, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1977.
The State Mineral, the Garnet, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1977.
The State Song, "Yankee Doodle," was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1978.
The State Ship, USS Nautilus, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1983.
The State Hero, Nathan Hale, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1985.
The State Shellfish, the Eastern Oyster, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1989.
The State Composer, Charles Edward Ives was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1991.
The State Fossil, Eubrontes Giganteus, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1991.
The State Heroine, Prudence Crandall, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1995.
The State Tartan was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1995.
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Connecticut Historical Firsts
1639 -- first constitution adopted, establishing representative government
1656 -- first municipal public library in America, a bequest to the "towne of New Haven"
1670 -- first survey for the first turnpike in America, between Norwich and New London
1729 -- first medical diploma, granted by Yale University
1764 -- first newspaper, The Hartford Courant, published since October 29, 1764
1775 -- first submarine
1783 -- first dictionary, published by Noah Webster, born in West Hartford
1784 -- first law school in America, Litchfield Law School; Graduates included John C. Calhoun, Aaron Burr, Horace Mann, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. and Noah Webster
1788 -- first State House in America, built after the Federal Constitution ratification
1794 -- first cotton gin, Eli Whitney of New Haven patented this invention
1803 -- first town library, tax-supported and organized in Salisbury
1806 -- first factory town in America, planned and established in Seymour
1808 -- first movable parts mass production in use, making clocks
1810 -- first insurance company, ITT Hartford Group, Inc. Officially opened for business and people were able to take insurance for the "loss of life or personal injury while journeying by railway or steamboat"
1819 -- first industrial training school, established by Josiah Holbrook in Derby
1836 -- first revolver
1842 -- first public art museum
1843 -- first portable typewriter
1844 -- first use of anesthesia
1846 -- first sewing machine, Elias Howe procured a patent for the first practical sewing machine in 1846
1853 -- first ice-making machine
1858 -- first can opener
1861 -- first Ph.D. Degree, Yale University awarded in Philosophy
1868 -- first tape measure
1877 -- first pay phone
1877 -- first telephone exchange, established in Bridgeport
1892 -- first collapsible toothpaste tube
1895 -- first hamburger, served at Louie's Lunch in New Haven
1900 -- first submarine
1907 -- first permanent public planning body in America, Hartford's Commission on the City Plan
1908 -- first lollipop
1920 -- first Frisbee, Yale students discovered empty pie plates from Mrs. Frisbie Pies in Bridgeport could fly across the New Haven Green
1933 -- first vacuum cleaner
1934 -- first Polaroid camera
1939 -- first FM radio station, WDRC-FM began broadcasting in Hartford
1939 -- first helicopter, Igor Sikorsky designed the first successful helicopter in the Western Hemisphere
1948 -- first color television
1949 -- first ultra high frequency UHF television station to operate on a daily basis, KC2XAK in Bridgeport
1954 -- first nuclear submarine, launched in New London
1982 -- first artificial heart, Dr. Robert K. Jarvik, a Stamford native, invented the world's first artificial heart
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Legal Holidays in the State:
January 1 New Year's Day
First Monday on or after January 15 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
February 12 Lincoln Day
Third Monday in February Washington's Birthday
Last Monday in May Memorial Day
July 4 Independence Day
First Monday in September Labor Day
Second Monday in October Columbus Day
November 11 Veterans' Day
December 25 Christmas
*The Friday before Easter Sunday Good Friday
*The Fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day
*These days are designated by the Governor.
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